How Does the Heat Pump in Your Home Works?

Heat pump system

A heat pump is an important HVAC device in your home. It will be great as a homeowner to know how your heat pump works so that you can be able to notice when the unit is not functioning well. There are different types of heat pumps in the market including a reversible heat pump which offers both heating and cooling depending on the season.

How A Heat Pump Works

A heat pump basically transfers heat from one location to the next using a fluid. During winter for instance, it extracts heat from the outside air and delivers it into your home in order to keep the indoor environment warm. On the other hand, during summer, it takes heat from the indoor air to the outside so that your home can be dry and cool. Refrigerant is the fluid in a heat pump device that is responsible for transferring heat. It circulates between the indoor and outdoor units absorbing as well as releasing heat through the loop.

It consists of two parts namely indoor and outdoor units. The indoor part which is also known as air handler usually resembles a gas furnace while the outdoor part looks like a central air conditioner and contains the compressor. The compressor is an integral part of the heat pump and operates during both cooling and heating processes. It’s the component responsible for circulating the refrigerant and as such as a homeowner, you should pay keen attention to it. It plays a very significant role in the functioning of your heat pump. If it is not operating properly, it will affect the overall efficiency of the system.
Because a heat pump has the ability to cool and heat your home depending on the time of the year, it is considered a more efficient and economical HVAC appliance.

Types of Heat Pumps

Depending on your tastes and preferences as well as specific needs of your home, one type of heat pump system would be more appropriate in comparison with another.

Geothermal Heat Pump – This type of heat pump makes use of energy from a water source or the ground. It works by transferring heat from your indoors to a nearby water source. The operational costs of geothermal heat pumps are relatively low however the installation expenses are higher compared to other types of heat pumps.

Air-Source Heat Pump – This heat pump is appropriate for cold climates. It works by transferring heat from your indoors to the surrounding outside air. An air-source heat pump consumes relatively low energy and this can save on energy consumption.

Solar Heat Pump – A solar heat pump utilizes solar energy. This type of heating in your home is eco-friendly because it is renewable. It also saves you a significant amount of money in power bills.

Absorption Heat Pump – This model of heat pump is mostly used in the industrial world. Most industries emit a lot of heat from the industrial processes. This excess heat can be used as a source of energy to operate the heat pump.

Irrespective of the type of heat pump you choose for your home, it is of paramount importance to know how it operates so that you can be able to call in HVAC professionals in case you notice something amiss with the system. This will prevent costly emergency breakdown repairs.